Abnormalities may cause infertility in the area of the cervix and uterus. They may arise from the anatomical dysfunction or the unusual uterus shape. Defects may be congenital or acquired by mechanical trauma or disorders caused by previous surgical treatments.
The most common uterine abnormalities:
- scars and adhesions in the uterine cavity,
How to diagnose uterine abnormalities?
Many anomalies are visible during a gynecological examination or the pelvic US. Cytological, microbiological, mycological tests are required, as well as Chlamydia and Ureaplasma screening. Some uterine anomalies require a hysteroscopy and a laparoscopy for a correct diagnosis.
Uterine anomalies and trying for a baby - what can be done?
Some uterine anomalies can be repaired surgically to allow pregnancy. Minor ones do not require surgical treatment, but some of them may make getting pregnant more difficult. Some abnormalities may cause infertility, so a hysteroscopic treatment is needed.