https://medistica.com.pl/ginekologia-plodnosc/twoj-problem/zaburzenia-owulacji/

Ovulatory disorder

The correct ovulation process is necessary for pregnancy. A mature egg is released from one of the ovaries and starts progesterone production. Progesterone transforms the endometrium into the environment, ready to implant and support the embryo.

The ovulation process depends on the cooperation of several hormones. Every interruption may cause fertility disorders. The anovulatory disorder is responsible for 25% of cases of female infertility.

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How to diagnose an ovulatory disorder?

History often reveals possible causes, which the US scan and hormonal tests can confirm:

  • FSH,
  • LH,
  • estradiol,
  • progesterone,
  • TSH,
  • testosterone,
  • prolactin,
  • AMH.

The most common causes of ovulatory disorders are polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hyperprolactinemia, thyroid disease, hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction.

Typical US image of PCOS shows tiny, growing, immature ovarian follicles.

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